Name Report For First Name BERNELLE:

BERNELLE

First name BERNELLE's origin is French. BERNELLE means "feminine of bernard. st. bernadette was canonized in 1933". You can find other first names and English words that rhymes with BERNELLE below. Ryhme list involves the matching sounds according to the first letters, last letters and first&last letters of bernelle.(Brown names are of the same origin (French) with BERNELLE and Red names are first names with English/Anglo-Saxon origin)

Rhymes with BERNELLE - Names & Words

First Names Rhyming BERNELLE

FIRST NAMES WHICH INCLUDES BERNELLE AS A WHOLE:

 

NAMES RHYMING WITH BERNELLE (According to last letters):

Rhyming Names According to Last 7 Letters (ernelle) - Names That Ends with ernelle:

Rhyming Names According to Last 6 Letters (rnelle) - Names That Ends with rnelle:

arnelle

Rhyming Names According to Last 5 Letters (nelle) - Names That Ends with nelle:

chanelle channelle chenelle danelle dannelle dawnelle denelle donelle janelle jeannelle jenelle johnelle jonnelle leonelle nanelle ronelle avenelle brunelle jeanelle jennelle lynelle

Rhyming Names According to Last 4 Letters (elle) - Names That Ends with elle:

helle michelle adelle anabelle angelle annabelle ardelle arielle audrielle belle bonnibelle brielle chantelle chavelle cherelle cherrelle chevelle danielle danrelle darelle dawnielle elle gabrielle gisselle gwenaelle idelle isabelle izabelle jiselle jizelle joelle josobelle kristabelle krystabelle laurelle liselle mabelle marchelle maribelle marielle marvelle mavelle mehitahelle mikelle mychelle noelle orabelle richelle rochelle roschelle esquevelle montrelle orvelle percyvelle ruelle ysabelle mehitabelle emmanuelle axelle zoelle odelle rudelle mirabelle marcelle amabelle aelle gaelle estelle maurelle rachelle moselle blondelle claudelle joyelle bemelle terrelle tyrelle giselle

NAMES RHYMING WITH BERNELLE (According to first letters):

Rhyming Names According to First 7 Letters (bernell) - Names That Begins with bernell:

Rhyming Names According to First 6 Letters (bernel) - Names That Begins with bernel:

Rhyming Names According to First 5 Letters (berne) - Names That Begins with berne:

berne berneen bernetta bernette

Rhyming Names According to First 4 Letters (bern) - Names That Begins with bern:

bern bernadea bernadette bernadina bernadine bernard bernarda bernardo bernardyn bernd bernhard bernia bernice bernicia berniss bernita bernlak bernon bernot bernyce

Rhyming Names According to First 3 Letters (ber) - Names That Begins with ber:

ber berakhiah berangari berangaria berchtwald bercilak bercleah berde berdina berdine berdy berend berengaria berenice beresford beretun berford berg bergitte berhane berhanu beric berihun berinhard berit berk berke berkeley berkle berkley berlyn beroe berowalt berrin bersules bert berta bertha berthe berthold berti bertie bertilda bertilde bertin bertina berto berton bertrade bertram bertrand bertrando bertuska beruriah berwick berwyk beryl beryx

Rhyming Names According to First 2 Letters (be) - Names That Begins with be:

beacan beacher beadu beadurinc beadurof beadutun beadwof beagan beagen beal bealantin beale beall bealohydig beaman beamard beamer bean

NAMES BOTH FIRST AND LAST LETTERS RHYMING WITH BERNELLE:

First Names which starts with 'ber' and ends with 'lle':

First Names which starts with 'be' and ends with 'le':

bekele bentle

First Names which starts with 'b' and ends with 'e':

babatunde babette backstere baecere baibre bailee bainbridge bainbrydge bairbre baladie baldassare baldhere baldlice balere balgaire balie ballinamore banbrigge bane bankole baptiste barbie bardene barkarne barnabe barre barrie bartle bartolome basile baste bathilde bawdewyne baylee baylie beatie beatrice beattie beceere bede bedegrayne bedivere beiste belakane beldane beldene bellance bellangere beltane bemabe bemadette bembe bemeere bennie benoyce beore beorhthilde bessie bethanee bethanie betje bette bettine beverlee bibsbebe billie binge birche birde birdie birdine birkhe birte birtle blade blaine blaire blaise blaize blake blakemore blanche blane blase blayne blayze blaze blisse blithe blondene bluinse blysse blythe boarte bobbie bonie boniface bonnie

English Words Rhyming BERNELLE

ENGLISH WORDS WHICH INCLUDES BERNELLE AS A WHOLE:



ENGLISH WORDS RHYMING WITH BERNELLE (According to last letters):


Rhyming Words According to Last 7 Letters (ernelle) - English Words That Ends with ernelle:



Rhyming Words According to Last 6 Letters (rnelle) - English Words That Ends with rnelle:


ritornellenoun (n.) Alt. of Ritornello


Rhyming Words According to Last 5 Letters (nelle) - English Words That Ends with nelle:


crenellenoun (n.) Alt. of Crenel

fontanellenoun (n.) Same as Fontanel, 2.

jargonellenoun (n.) A variety of pear which ripens early.

quenellenoun (n.) A kind of delicate forcemeat, commonly poached and used as a dish by itself or for garnishing.
 noun (n.) A kind of delicate forcemeat, commonly poached and used as a dish by itself or for garnishing.

prunellenoun (n.) A kind of small and very acid French plum; -- applied especially to the stoned and dried fruit.

spinellenoun (n.) A mineral occuring in octahedrons of great hardness and various colors, as red, green, blue, brown, and black, the red variety being the gem spinel ruby. It consist essentially of alumina and magnesia, but commonly contains iron and sometimes also chromium.

villanellenoun (n.) A poem written in tercets with but two rhymes, the first and third verse of the first stanza alternating as the third verse in each successive stanza and forming a couplet at the close.
  (pl. ) of Villanella


Rhyming Words According to Last 4 Letters (elle) - English Words That Ends with elle:


aquarellenoun (n.) A design or painting in thin transparent water colors; also, the mode of painting in such colors.

bagatellenoun (n.) A trifle; a thing of no importance.
 noun (n.) A game played on an oblong board, having, at one end, cups or arches into or through which balls are to be driven by a rod held in the hand of the player.

bellenoun (n.) A young lady of superior beauty and attractions; a handsome lady, or one who attracts notice in society; a fair lady.

capellenoun (n.) The private orchestra or band of a prince or of a church.

chanterellenoun (n.) A name for several species of mushroom, of which one (Cantharellus cibrius) is edible, the others reputed poisonous.

cordellenoun (n.) A twisted cord; a tassel.

cressellenoun (n.) A wooden rattle sometimes used as a substitute for a bell, in the Roman Catholic church, during the latter part of Holy Week, or the last week of Lent.

damoisellenoun (n.) See Damsel.

demoisellenoun (n.) A young lady; a damsel; a lady's maid.
 noun (n.) The Numidian crane (Anthropoides virgo); -- so called on account of the grace and symmetry of its form and movements.
 noun (n.) A beautiful, small dragon fly of the genus Agrion.

dentellenoun (n.) An ornamental tooling like lace.

filosellenoun (n.) A kind of silk thread less glossy than floss, and spun from coarser material. It is much used in embroidery instead of floss.

gabellenoun (n.) A tax, especially on salt.

gazellenoun (n.) One of several small, swift, elegantly formed species of antelope, of the genus Gazella, esp. G. dorcas; -- called also algazel, corinne, korin, and kevel. The gazelles are celebrated for the luster and soft expression of their eyes.

glumellenoun (n.) One of the pelets or inner chaffy scales of the flowers or spikelets of grasses.

immortellenoun (n.) A plant with a conspicuous, dry, unwithering involucre, as the species of Antennaria, Helichrysum, Gomphrena, etc. See Everlasting.

jumellenoun (n.) A jumelle opera glass, or the like.
 adjective (a.) Twin; paired; -- said of various objects made or formed in pairs, as a binocular opera glass, a pair of gimmal rings, etc.

kapellenoun (n.) A chapel; hence, the choir or orchestra of a prince's chapel; now, a musical establishment, usually orchestral.

kyriellenoun (n.) A litany beginning with the words.

lenticellenoun (n.) Lenticel.

mademoisellenoun (n.) A French title of courtesy given to a girl or an unmarried lady, equivalent to the English Miss.
 noun (n.) A marine food fish (Sciaena chrysura), of the Southern United States; -- called also yellowtail, and silver perch.

morellenoun (n.) Nightshade. See 2d Morel.

mosellenoun (n.) A light wine, usually white, produced in the vicinity of the river Moselle.

nacellenoun (n.) A small boat.
 noun (n.) The basket suspended from a balloon; hence, the framework forming the body of a dirigible balloon, and containing the machinery, passengers, etc.
 noun (n.) A boatlike, inclosed body of an aeroplane.

parellenoun (n.) A name for two kinds of dock (Rumex Patientia and R. Hydrolapathum).
 noun (n.) A kind of lichen (Lecanora parella) once used in dyeing and in the preparation of litmus.

pennoncellenoun (n.) See Pencel.

pipistrellenoun (n.) A small European bat (Vesperugo pipistrellus); -- called also flittermouse.

pucellenoun (n.) A maid; a virgin.

rochellenoun (n.) A seaport town in France.

rosellenoun (n.) a malvaceous plant (Hibiscus Sabdariffa) cultivated in the east and West Indies for its fleshy calyxes, which are used for making tarts and jelly and an acid drink.

rubellenoun (n.) A red color used in enameling.

rubicellenoun (n.) A variety of ruby of a yellowish red color, from Brazil.

ruellenoun (n.) A private circle or assembly at a private house; a circle.

sarcellenoun (n.) The old squaw, or long-tailed duck.

sauterellenoun (n.) An instrument used by masons and others to trace and form angles.

spiritielleadjective (a.) Of the nature, or having the appearance, of a spirit; pure; refined; ethereal.

tigellenoun (n.) Same as Tigella.

viellenoun (n.) An old stringed instrument played upon with a wheel; a hurdy-gurdy.


Rhyming Words According to Last 3 Letters (lle) - English Words That Ends with lle:


aiguillenoun (n.) A needle-shaped peak.
 noun (n.) An instrument for boring holes, used in blasting.

ancillenoun (n.) A maidservant; a handmaid.

apostillenoun (n.) A marginal note on a letter or other paper; an annotation.

barcarollenoun (n.) A popular song or melody sung by Venetian gondoliers.
 noun (n.) A piece of music composed in imitation of such a song.

bastile bastillenoun (n.) A tower or an elevated work, used for the defense, or in the siege, of a fortified place.
 noun (n.) "The Bastille", formerly a castle or fortress in Paris, used as a prison, especially for political offenders; hence, a rhetorical name for a prison.

braillenoun (n.) A system of printing or writing for the blind in which the characters are represented by tangible points or dots. It was invented by Louis Braille, a French teacher of the blind.

callenoun (n.) A kind of head covering; a caul.

canaillenoun (n.) The lowest class of people; the rabble; the vulgar.
 noun (n.) Shorts or inferior flour.

chenillenoun (n.) Tufted cord, of silk or worsted, for the trimming of ladies' dresses, for embroidery and fringes, and for the weft of Chenille rugs.

codillenoun (n.) A term at omber, signifying that the game is won.

countretaillenoun (n.) A counter tally; correspondence (in sound).

crevallenoun (n.) The cavally or jurel.
 noun (n.) The pompano (Trachynotus Carolinus).

coquillenoun (n.) Lit., a shell;
 noun (n.) A shell or shell-like dish or mold in which viands are served.
 noun (n.) The expansion of the guard of a sword, dagger, etc.
 noun (n.) A form of ruching used as a dress trimming or for neckwear, and named from the manner in which it is gathered or fulled.

deshabillenoun (n.) An undress; a careless toilet.

dishabillenoun (n.) An undress; a loose, negligent dress; deshabille.

espiaillenoun (n.) Espial.

faillenoun (n.) A soft silk, heavier than a foulard and not glossy.

gerbillenoun (n.) One of several species of small, jumping, murine rodents, of the genus Gerbillus. In their leaping powers they resemble the jerboa. They inhabit Africa, India, and Southern Europe.

graillenoun (n.) A halfround single-cut file or fioat, having one curved face and one straight face, -- used by comb makers.

grisaillenoun (n.) Decorative painting in gray monochrome; -- used in English especially for painted glass.
 noun (n.) A kind of French fancy dress goods.

jonquillenoun (n.) A bulbous plant of the genus Narcissus (N. Jonquilla), allied to the daffodil. It has long, rushlike leaves, and yellow or white fragrant flowers. The root has emetic properties. It is sometimes called the rush-leaved daffodil. See Illust. of Corona.

limaillenoun (n.) Filings of metal.

manillenoun (n.) See 1st Manilla, 1.

mervaillenoun (n.) Marvel.

mitraillenoun (n.) Shot or bits of iron used sometimes in loading cannon.

molleadjective (a.) Lower by a semitone; flat; as, E molle, that is, E flat.

mouilleadjective (a.) Applied to certain consonants having a "liquid" or softened sound; e.g., in French, l or ll and gn (like the lli in million and ni in minion); in Italian, gl and gn; in Spanish, ll and ; in Portuguese, lh and nh.

orseillenoun (n.) See Archil.

quadrillenoun (n.) A dance having five figures, in common time, four couples of dancers being in each set.
 noun (n.) The appropriate music for a quadrille.
 noun (n.) A game played by four persons with forty cards, being the remainder of an ordinary pack after the tens, nines, and eights are discarded.
 noun (n.) A dance having five figures, in common time, four couples of dancers being in each set.
 noun (n.) The appropriate music for a quadrille.
 noun (n.) A game played by four persons with forty cards, being the remainder of an ordinary pack after the tens, nines, and eights are discarded.
 adjective (a.) Marked with squares, generally by thin lines crossing at right angles and at equal intervals; as, quadrille paper, or plotting paper.

quatrefeuillenoun (n.) Alt. of Quatrefoil
 noun (n.) Alt. of Quatrefoil

pastillenoun (n.) A small cone or mass made of paste of gum, benzoin, cinnamon, and other aromatics, -- used for fumigating or scenting the air of a room.
 noun (n.) An aromatic or medicated lozenge; a troche.
 noun (n.) See Pastel, a crayon.

poraillenoun (n.) Poor people; the poor.

reveillenoun (n.) The beat of drum, or bugle blast, about break of day, to give notice that it is time for the soldiers to rise, and for the sentinels to forbear challenging.

rillenoun (n.) One of certain narrow, crooked valleys seen, by aid of the telescope, on the surface of the moon.

rocaillenoun (n.) Artificial rockwork made of rough stones and cement, as for gardens.
 noun (n.) The rococo system of scroll ornament, based in part on the forms of shells and water-worn rocks.

spadillenoun (n.) The ace of spades in omber and quadrille.

taillenoun (n.) A tally; an account scored on a piece of wood.
 noun (n.) Any imposition levied by the king, or any other lord, upon his subjects.
 noun (n.) The French name for the tenor voice or part; also, for the tenor viol or viola.

tenaillenoun (n.) An outwork in the main ditch, in front of the curtain, between two bastions. See Illust. of Ravelin.

tredillenoun (n.) A game at cards for three.

tullenoun (n.) In plate armor, a suspended plate in from of the thigh. See Illust. of Tasses.
 noun (n.) A kind of silk lace or light netting, used for veils, etc.

turnhallenoun (n.) A building used as a school of gymnastics.

vaudevillenoun (n.) A kind of song of a lively character, frequently embodying a satire on some person or event, sung to a familiar air in couplets with a refrain; a street song; a topical song.
 noun (n.) A theatrical piece, usually a comedy, the dialogue of which is intermingled with light or satirical songs, set to familiar airs.
 noun (n.) Loosely, and now commonly, variety (see above), as, to play in vaudeville; a vaudeville actor.

vitaillenoun (n.) Food; victuals.

wollenoun (n.) Wool.

ENGLISH WORDS RHYMING WITH BERNELLE (According to first letters):


Rhyming Words According to First 7 Letters (bernell) - Words That Begins with bernell:



Rhyming Words According to First 6 Letters (bernel) - Words That Begins with bernel:



Rhyming Words According to First 5 Letters (berne) - Words That Begins with berne:


bernesenoun (n. sing. & pl.) A native or natives of Bern.
 adjective (a.) Pertaining to the city or canton of Bern, in Switzerland, or to its inhabitants.


Rhyming Words According to First 4 Letters (bern) - Words That Begins with bern:


bernaclenoun (n.) See Barnacle.

bernardinenoun (n.) A Cistercian monk.
 adjective (a.) Of or pertaining to St. Bernard of Clairvaux, or to the Cistercian monks.

berniclenoun (n.) A bernicle goose.

bernousenoun (n.) Same as Burnoose.


Rhyming Words According to First 3 Letters (ber) - Words That Begins with ber:


berenoun (n.) Barley; the six-rowed barley or the four-rowed barley, commonly the former (Hord. vulgare).
 noun (n.) See Bear, barley.
 verb (v. t.) To pierce.

berainingnoun (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Berain

beratingnoun (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Berate

berbenoun (n.) An African genet (Genetta pardina). See Genet.

berbernoun (n.) A member of a race somewhat resembling the Arabs, but often classed as Hamitic, who were formerly the inhabitants of the whole of North Africa from the Mediterranean southward into the Sahara, and who still occupy a large part of that region; -- called also Kabyles. Also, the language spoken by this people.

berberinenoun (n.) An alkaloid obtained, as a bitter, yellow substance, from the root of the barberry, gold thread, and other plants.

berberrynoun (n.) See Barberry.

berdashnoun (n.) A kind of neckcloth.

bereaving.noun (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Bereave

bereavementnoun (n.) The state of being bereaved; deprivation; esp., the loss of a relative by death.

bereavernoun (n.) One who bereaves.

berettanoun (n.) Same as Berretta.

bergnoun (n.) A large mass or hill, as of ice.

bergamotnoun (n.) A tree of the Orange family (Citrus bergamia), having a roundish or pear-shaped fruit, from the rind of which an essential oil of delicious odor is extracted, much prized as a perfume. Also, the fruit.
 noun (n.) A variety of mint (Mentha aquatica, var. glabrata).
 noun (n.) The essence or perfume made from the fruit.
 noun (n.) A variety of pear.
 noun (n.) A variety of snuff perfumed with bergamot.
 noun (n.) A coarse tapestry, manufactured from flock of cotton or hemp, mixed with ox's or goat's hair; -- said to have been invented at Bergamo, Italy. Encyc. Brit.

bergandernoun (n.) A European duck (Anas tadorna). See Sheldrake.

bergeretnoun (n.) A pastoral song.

berghnoun (n.) A hill.

bergmasternoun (n.) See Barmaster.

bergmealnoun (n.) An earthy substance, resembling fine flour. It is composed of the shells of infusoria, and in Lapland and Sweden is sometimes eaten, mixed with flour or ground birch bark, in times of scarcity. This name is also given to a white powdery variety of calcite.

bergmotenoun (n.) See Barmote.

bergomasknoun (n.) A rustic dance, so called in ridicule of the people of Bergamo, in Italy, once noted for their clownishness.

bergyltnoun (n.) The Norway haddock. See Rosefish.

berhymingnoun (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Berhyme

beriberinoun (n.) An acute disease occurring in India, characterized by multiple inflammatory changes in the nerves, producing great muscular debility, a painful rigidity of the limbs, and cachexy.

berkeleianadjective (a.) Of or relating to Bishop Berkeley or his system of idealism; as, Berkeleian philosophy.

berlinnoun (n.) A four-wheeled carriage, having a sheltered seat behind the body and separate from it, invented in the 17th century, at Berlin.
 noun (n.) Fine worsted for fancy-work; zephyr worsted; -- called also Berlin wool.

bermnoun (n.) Alt. of Berme

bermenoun (n.) A narrow shelf or path between the bottom of a parapet and the ditch.
 noun (n.) A ledge at the bottom of a bank or cutting, to catch earth that may roll down the slope, or to strengthen the bank.

beroenoun (n.) A small, oval, transparent jellyfish, belonging to the Ctenophora.

berrettanoun (n.) A square cap worn by ecclesiastics of the Roman Catholic Church. A cardinal's berretta is scarlet; that worn by other clerics is black, except that a bishop's is lined with green.

berriedadjective (a.) Furnished with berries; consisting of a berry; baccate; as, a berried shrub.
  (imp. & p. p.) of Berry

berrynoun (n.) Any small fleshy fruit, as the strawberry, mulberry, huckleberry, etc.
 noun (n.) A small fruit that is pulpy or succulent throughout, having seeds loosely imbedded in the pulp, as the currant, grape, blueberry.
 noun (n.) The coffee bean.
 noun (n.) One of the ova or eggs of a fish.
 noun (n.) A mound; a hillock.
 verb (v. i.) To bear or produce berries.

berryingnoun (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Berry
 noun (n.) A seeking for or gathering of berries, esp. of such as grow wild.

berserknoun (n.) Alt. of Berserker

berserkernoun (n.) One of a class of legendary heroes, who fought frenzied by intoxicating liquors, and naked, regardless of wounds.
 noun (n.) One who fights as if frenzied, like a Berserker.

berstlenoun (n.) See Bristle.

berthnoun (n.) Convenient sea room.
 noun (n.) A room in which a number of the officers or ship's company mess and reside.
 noun (n.) The place where a ship lies when she is at anchor, or at a wharf.
 noun (n.) An allotted place; an appointment; situation or employment.
 noun (n.) A place in a ship to sleep in; a long box or shelf on the side of a cabin or stateroom, or of a railway car, for sleeping in.
 verb (v. t.) To give an anchorage to, or a place to lie at; to place in a berth; as, she was berthed stem to stern with the Adelaide.
 verb (v. t.) To allot or furnish berths to, on shipboard; as, to berth a ship's company.

berthingnoun (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Berth
 noun (n.) The planking outside of a vessel, above the sheer strake.

berthanoun (n.) A kind of collar or cape worn by ladies.

berthagenoun (n.) A place for mooring vessels in a dock or harbor.

berthieritenoun (n.) A double sulphide of antimony and iron, of a dark steel-gray color.

bertramnoun (n.) Pellitory of Spain (Anacyclus pyrethrum).

berycoidadjective (a.) Of or pertaining to the Berycidae, a family of marine fishes.

berylnoun (n.) A mineral of great hardness, and, when transparent, of much beauty. It occurs in hexagonal prisms, commonly of a green or bluish green color, but also yellow, pink, and white. It is a silicate of aluminium and glucinum (beryllium). The aquamarine is a transparent, sea-green variety used as a gem. The emerald is another variety highly prized in jewelry, and distinguished by its deep color, which is probably due to the presence of a little oxide of chromium.

beryllineadjective (a.) Like a beryl; of a light or bluish green color.

berylliumnoun (n.) A metallic element found in the beryl. See Glucinum.

berylloidnoun (n.) A solid consisting of a double twelve-sided pyramid; -- so called because the planes of this form occur on crystals of beryl.

berceusenoun (n.) A vocal or instrumental composition of a soft tranquil character, having a lulling effect; a cradle song.

bergschrundnoun (n.) The crevasse or series of crevasses, usually deep and often broad, frequently occurring near the head of a mountain glacier, about where the neve field joins the valley portion of the glacier.

bergstocknoun (n.) A long pole with a spike at the end, used in climbing mountains; an alpenstock.

ENGLISH WORDS BOTH FIRST AND LAST LETTERS RHYMING WITH BERNELLE:

English Words which starts with 'ber' and ends with 'lle':



English Words which starts with 'be' and ends with 'le':

beaglenoun (n.) A small hound, or hunting dog, twelve to fifteen inches high, used in hunting hares and other small game. See Illustration in Appendix.
 noun (n.) Fig.: A spy or detective; a constable.

bearableadjective (a.) Capable of being borne or endured; tolerable.

beggableadjective (a.) Capable of being begged.

behoovableadjective (a.) Supplying need; profitable; advantageous.

believableadjective (a.) Capable of being believed; credible.

bendableadjective (a.) Capable of being bent.

benzilenoun (n.) A yellowish crystalline substance, C6H5.CO.CO.C6H5, formed from benzoin by the action of oxidizing agents, and consisting of a doubled benzoyl radical.

benzolenoun (n.) Alt. of Benzol

bequeathableadjective (a.) Capable of being bequeathed.

besailenoun (n.) Alt. of Besayle

besaylenoun (n.) A great-grandfather.
 noun (n.) A kind of writ which formerly lay where a great-grandfather died seized of lands in fee simple, and on the day of his death a stranger abated or entered and kept the heir out. This is now abolished.

bevilenoun (n.) A chief broken or opening like a carpenter's bevel.

bewailableadjective (a.) Such as may, or ought to, be bewailed; lamentable.